Dating wood furniture. Types of Wood for Building Furniture

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Furniture handle and knobs

dating wood furniture

The tree-ring patterns are matched, and laid down in series, building a continuous timeline of known dates. In addition, the Great Depression really helped this style of furniture take off. If a joint was dovetailed by hand, it has only a few dovetails, and they are not exactly even; if it has closely spaced, precisely cut dovetails, it was machine-cut. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle created a sleuth who succeeded where others failed by employing systematic powers of observation and inference. If it is square, but not perfectly so, and worn thin, it could mean your piece was constructed before 1820. Furniture built in the Midwest and the South is different from New England made pieces.

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Timeline and descriptions of antique furniture styles

dating wood furniture

These early latches were inlaid into cabinet doors rather than being attached to the surface, as were the later cast iron latches. The first giveaway is the joinery; machine-cut furniture wasn't made until about 1860. Pit saws, used from roughly the 1600s to 1750, left irregular, slanted, deep rough marks. Renaissance Revival, 1850-1880: Furniture made in this style period reflects how cabinetmakers interpreted 16th- and 17th-century designs. Yet, casters sometimes had more to do with lighting than housekeeping or design.

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Determine the Age of Antique Furniture

dating wood furniture

Handles had to be replaced, too, whenever a piece was cut down, in order to keep the correct proportions. Legs and chair backs are straighter, often with incised decoration. As the period aged, more ornamentation became present on the finished furniture styles. This would indicate a later Georgian period, from 1760 to 1770. Furnishings of solid hard wood such as cherry tend to endure, but require upkeep to retain the finish. Legs vary from straight to baluster-turned forms to spindle turned. Stylistically it also reflects the architectural style known as Federal, where balance and symmetry were extremely important.

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Timber Dating

dating wood furniture

This includes not only the owners of the piece in the distant past, but also those who have owned it in recent times. Determining the age of antiques is half the fun! Methuselah Methuselah is a bristlecone pine, and the world's oldest living thing. A new chair design combined the back, seat and arms together as one unit. These routers were ancestors of the electric precision tools of today, and could be used to rapidly cut a machined dovetail joint. Benna Crawford has been a journalist and New York-based writer since 1997. Establish value: Many collectors prefer particular eras, styles, and makers, while others have more eclectic tastes.

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System for Dating Country and Primitive Furniture, Part One

dating wood furniture

Antiques will show evidence of use and normal wear and tear. The ends of the first bail handles curved in and were poked through rings raised out of the backplate. Much use was made of fretted piercing of backplates, which were reduced in extreme forms to delicate traceries of metal. The common wood screw underwent a major change in 1846 when T. Sample Collection Tips and Recommendations: 1 — Select an area that does not show signs of rot or insect activity.

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Carbon Dating Wood, AMS laboratories

dating wood furniture

Cedar and redwood, like teak, are seen in outdoor furniture applications, as they are resistant to rotting when exposed to sun and moisture. Handle Detail on Waterfall Credenza History and Design The gorgeous waterfall style has its roots in economy. . The style never caught on outside North American and was gradually abandoned in favor of the classic dovetail. The Dating of Old Houses, a paper prepared by Dr.

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Older Furniture Styles

dating wood furniture

Never buy an antique, or try to refinish it, until you know what you have. Legs are usually cabriole or have substantial turned profiles. Architectural motifs, such as pilasters, columns, pediments, balusters and brackets, are another prominent design feature. Mortise and tenon joints were also used in the 18th and early 19th Centuries. Direct Dating of Wood Cross-dating determines the age of undated wood by directly matching ring patterns with trees of known age. Call the Mercier Museum, Doylestown, Pennsylvania 215-345-0210 during business hours for information on reprints by The Bucks County Historical Society.

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How to Tell the Age of Antique Furniture

dating wood furniture

Learning how to properly identify the materials used in individual pieces of furniture takes time and patience. It wasn't until this time that sophisticated jigs and cutters were built to automate this process. These were still being used on country furniture in the 18th century, but on better pieces were supplanted by drops, usually teardrop-shaped lumps of solid brass that were hinged to a backplate at their narrow end. It is usually best to use a lower speed drill for the second drilling operation so as not to powder the wood. A real antique is very rarely perfectly cut; a reproduction with the same components will be because a machine will have cut it. Hand made screws and nails were relatively expensive and could rust and expand, sometimes cracking the wood they secured.

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Timber Dating

dating wood furniture

Furniture 1876 by Nicholas Brawer by Ernest Joyce by Peter Philp by Tim Forrest by Leigh Keno by Myrna Kaye. The Bauhaus and also the heavily influenced some designers. Lines tend to be sweeping, undulating curves. Depending on the density of the wood, this is roughly the amount of wood shavings that would fill the eraser on the end of a 2 pencil or an amount roughly equal to one-fourth of a toothpick. Sticky Stuff The strength of the joint is the reason for its long popularity. A little glue cements the connection, and a good dovetail joint has great strength and durability. Dealers who specialize in country and primitive furniture have depended on the above methods plus the study of nails for dating their antiques.

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